one in five RSA beneficiaries is still there ten years later

This is the first time that a study on the subject has gone this far in monitoring over time. Among the beneficiaries of active solidarity income (RSA), one in five remains in the benefit for the following ten years, according to a study by the Department of Studies and Statistics of Social Ministries (Drees), published this Friday, December 15, which follows their future over ten years.

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Among those aged 16 to 49 at the end of 2010, one in five (21.1%) received it at the end of each year between 2011 and 2020. Two in five (40.7%) experienced at least one exit and a new entry into the system over the period. Finally, two in five (38.2%) left the RSA without subsequently returning, in a third of cases from 2011.

“The longer we stay, the less we will go out”

The RSA supplements the low or non-existent resources of single people or families and varies according to the composition of the household (around 608 euros for a single person). The study also shows that persistence in RSA “ strongly increase » with seniority. “ The longer we stay, the less we will go out », summarized one of the authors during a press briefing.

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Among people who entered the RSA in 2010, only one in ten people received it at the end of each year between 2011 and 2020, compared to more than one in three (36.7%) for those with at least four years of service. 'seniority. This apparent link between seniority and greater persistence in the RSA may come from less favorable characteristics upon entry into the RSA (worse health, lower qualifications, etc.) or be the consequence of the time spent in the RSA, indicates the Drees.

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Beneficiaries in salaried employment at the end of 2010 have much less persistent RSA trajectories than the others. Only 8.4% received the benefit at each end of the year between 2011 and 2020, compared to 23.1% for unemployed beneficiaries. In addition, 26.4% left the RSA in 2011 and did not return to it during the entire period, compared to 11.3% for those without a job. At the end of 2022, 2.1 million people were RSA beneficiaries, according to Drees.

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